Marina Krasnobayeva commented on what influence on the consumer market will render the proposal of deputies which want to enter limiting trading margins on socially significant goods: milk, bread, eggs. They should not exceed 15 % from the price of the producer. As state regulation can result in deficiency and quality loss.
Deputies suggest to enter limiting trading margins on socially significant goods: milk, bread, eggs. They should not exceed 15 % from the price of the producer. Now the margin on bread in networks reaches 40 %, bakeries complain. But state regulation of the consumer market can result in deficiency and quality loss, experts warn — experience already was.
Deputy United Russia party member Nadejda Shkolkina prepared amendments in the law passed in 2010 «About bases of state regulation of trading activity in the Russian Federation». Changes enter a limit of trading margins on socially significant food for all participants of a trading chain.
For processers they shouldn’t exceed 15 % from selling price of the producer of raw materials. For the organizations of wholesale trade – 10 % from selling price of the producer.
For the organizations of retail trade, including the markets, the extra charge shouldn’t exceed 15 % from selling price of the producer of foodstuff or wholesale price.
For the organizations of public catering – 15 % from selling price of the producer of foodstuff or wholesale price. To initiate margin introduction on the concrete goods, according to amendments, owe the government.
The second block of amendments forbids retailers «to impose to the contractor (the supplier of socially significant goods) inclusion in the delivery contract terms of return of the unrealized foodstuff which expiration date expired». The norm when networks can return agricultural products unrealized by them at the same price on which it was delivered today operates.
The bill regulates also other rights of the right and a duty of the supplier and the retailer. In the contract of delivery of foodstuff, except for socially significant foodstuff, compensation inclusion to shop is provided.
But the amount of such compensation «can’t exceed 10 % from the price of acquired foodstuff».
Amendments in the law are urged to protect from dictatorship of distribution networks of producers of bread, milk, potatoes and other socially significant goods, Shkolkova explains.
«Into the State Duma with a request to enter limiting margins some producers Moscow, Ryazan, Kirov, Voronezh and other areas addressed. Distribution networks compel agricultural producers to lower selling price to prime cost and even below. But not to reduce retail price, and for increase in a trading margin» — the deputy speaks.
The list of socially significant goods approved by the government in 2010, includes a square loaf, a cut long loaf, cheap types of the macaroni, not cut fish, rice, sugar, fruit-and-vegetable production, eggs … Only 24 names.
Amendments will be submitted for consideration the State Dumas in December, the deputy speaks: under them representatives of several committees, deputies of other fractions – LDPR, “Just Russia” will subscribe.
Participants of the market recognize this problem sharp. As explained “Gazete.Ru” the chairman of the board of «The union of producers of bread of the Moscow region» (unites 27 producers) Alain Sabatarova, margins on bread reach 20 — 40 % from the price of bakeries and bakeries.
«Distribution networks demand from bakeries to sell bread even below cost which makes now on a long loaf of cut 14 rubles, and on bread shaped – 17 rubles» — Sabatarova speaks.
Besides, networks and bakeries should divide equally among themselves suffered losses from not sold production at which expired an expiration date, she considers. «Networks order bread more than can sell, return it to us through 2 (expiration date) of day, and we are compelled by tons to destroy it» — the representative of bakeries explains. Losses which bears the baking industry, led to a deterioration of material base to 80 %, Sabatarova notes. Profitability on social grades of bread makes about 1 %.
The authorities tried to harmonize more than once relationship of retailers and suppliers of products. In 2010 the law on trade which removed a part of claims of producers of the goods was passed. Attempts to detail the law were undertaken still by former structure of the government.
In April of this year the first Deputy Prime Minister in Vladimir Putin Victor Zubkov’s government suggested to forbid to distribution networks to return unrealized agricultural products and the more so to demand for the returned goods money. Networks should to plan so the orders and sales that there were no questions concerning return, Zubkov spoke.
In the majority of the western countries of practice of return of the goods distribution networks isn’t present, at least after the expiration of its validity,
Mikhail Grigoriev from Institute of an environment of the agrarian market agrees. «Not sold goods go on processing — it is care of the seller. Or big sales» are arranged — he notes.
Representatives of distribution networks, on the contrary, consider claims of suppliers unreasonable. «Suppliers, as well as distribution networks, are interested not to bare regiments of shops and are always ready to create in a shop warehouse slightly a bigger commodity stock, than the shop can sell to provide the maximum commodity turnover» — the director for the corporate relations of X5 Retail Group Mikhail Susov speaks.
The law on trade already contains a ban on return of not sold goods, but «except for cases if return of such goods is allowed or is provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation», the lawyer of the company «Yukov and partners» Marina Krasnobayeva explains. «The exception to the rules is fixed in point 3.11.8 of Health regulations and norms «Panification, bakery and confectionery» from 1996. In Sanpin it is told that sale of bread eÕpired is forbidden. Such bread is subject to withdrawal from a trading floor and comes back to the supplier. So networks return bread on the lawful bases» — Krasnobayeva speaks.
Experts point to possible expenses of rigid regulation of the consumer market. «Cancellation of return of not sold goods can cause a loss to producers and processers: shops and networks, being insured against losses, will start to order less products, and it can cause local deficiencies of products»,
— Elena Khromov, the partner of BDO in Russia speaks. Besides control of the prices by administrative methods can make negative impact on quality of delivered production, Natalia Kolupayeva, the analyst of JSC Raiffeisenbank adds. Introduction of state regulation of trading margins in a production and marketing chain can’t solve a problem of insufficiency of investments in baking branch to what developers of the bill appeal. This only cosmetic solution of a question. «The state stimulation of investments into branch could become a solution» — the expert believes